Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is a large, boldly striped species of catfish. Check out the detailed information of characteristics, habitat, diet, behavior, reproductions etc over here. A several South American catfish from the Pseudoplatystoma is a genus of family Pimelodidae. The species have different common names. These catfish species have a robust body and a crucial food fish. They typically inhabit major rivers where they prefer the main channels and like to stay in depth. However, some species were often seen in flooded forests, lakes and other freshwater habitats.
About Tiger Shovelnose Catfish
This fish has the different names as the region of these species varies with the language. The fish may be called surubi in Guarani language in their native language. The fish species in this genus are relatively easy to confuse. The fish was the first species to be described, under the name siluris fasciatus. The species was firstly described in 1862 as the species later transferred. The intergeneric relationships of this genus are well established. With the Sorubim, Sorubimichthys, Hemisorubim, and Zungaro it forms a monophyletic group.
Tiger Shovelnose Catfish Characteristics
This is a large species with boldly stripes or spotted catfishes. These fish are familiar due to their attractive and unique marked color patterns. They are also easy to recognize by their compressed head and a very long fontanel. They have small eyes and teeth. They also have dorsal and pectoral fins in addition to small dorsal spinelet preceding the dorsal spine. They also exhibit typical barbells of catfish. The fish reaches a total length of maximum 90 cm.
The body of the tiger shovelnose catfish contains large spots in six to eight rows along with 4-13 vertical bars. The juvenile fish might have some different appearance from adults. The coloration or pattern of the juveniles might differ from adult fish. The fish has the dark color on the back and the white line like the boundary of its sides and belly. The adult fish have the brown-olive color, which is white with a few dark spots.
Tiger Shovelnose Catfish Habitat
This fish species live in a different range of habitats such as great rivers, lakes, side channels, flooded forests, and floating meadows. The fish also often found in the river bed and in flooded forests. The fish mainly prefer to live at the riverbed of slow and fast stream flow while the juveniles particularly live in flooded forests. The fish occurs in a distinct range of habitats from rapids to near brackish conditions. At home aquarium, the fish requires a temperature ranges from 72-79 degrees Fahrenheit.
Tiger Shovelnose Catfish Diet
These fish species are active hunters primarily piscivorous which means the major part of their diet comes from the other fishes. The diet of this fish includes cichlids, electric knifefishes, loricariids, and characins. The fish also consume other fish like bogas and sabalos. They are opportunistic feeders and may also feed on crustaceans such as shrimp or crabs. The amount of feed also affects the growth rate of the fish. The fish also can feed crayfish, crabs, shrimps, and similar food. In the captivity, the diet of the fish should include a high quantity of protein.
Tiger Shovelnose Catfish Behavior
The catfish species is quite peaceful that can easily put with the other similar-sized species in preferable conditions. The catfish is a highly active fish as it requires tightly close aquarium in the captivity to prevent from the jump out. The behavior of the catfish might be different due to the fish species in the tank. The stressful fish might give stress to this catfish as well. You can take the advice about this catfish before putting this fish with other fishes. Don’t forget that the fish might eat the small fishes.
Facts about Tiger Shovelnose Catfish
- The fish is one of the species from genus Pseudoplatystoma.
- The species live in a wide range of habitats like the lake, side channels, great rivers, and flooded forest.
- The body color varies between juveniles and adults species.
- The species spends a lot of energy in migration during the rainfall season.
- These fish are piscivorous and most active during the night.
- The catfish has the peaceful nature and good with other tank mate species.
Tiger Shovelnose Catfish Reproduction
The fish species requires a lot of space for reproduction that fish doesn’t get the aquariums. There is no case is yet reported for successful breeding in the aquarium. The fish mostly breed in the lakes, ponds, rivers. The researchers are still practicing for the successful reproduction of this catfish in the aquarium. The practice is not got any success but most of the people believes that the practice will be successful in the near future.
Required Aquarium size for Tiger shovelnose Catfish
In a few regions, the fish requires 360x240x120 cm with 10,368 liters of water needs for a fully grown fish. However, it still not that open like in the wild. The catfish doesn’t need any special décor in the habitat yet a fair low lighting more effective. However, you can add some large pieces of bogwoods, beech branches or rocks and ensure that rocks don’t have sharp edges. Also, a layer of large, smooth pebbles could be a better option.
Avoid the Tiger Shovelnose catfish keeping with nervous or skittish fish as it can make it stressful too. Also, you can’t put small fishes with it as it might eat them. You can keep this fish with the aggressive catfish that usually not a problem. The temperature range for the fish is recommended is 72-79 degrees Fahrenheit. The fish easily adapt the soft or hard water and not a big problem at all. The pH of the water should range from 6.0-7.5.
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