Dogtooth Tuna

Dogtooth Tuna Fish Facts, Diet, Life Span, Size, Habitat, Reproduction, mating, and behavior are listed on this page. Get facts & all information related to Dogtooth Tuna from here.

Dogtooth Tuna

Dogtooth tuna is a species from the family Scombridae. The binomial name of the fish is Gymnosarda unicolor that can reach the length of 190 to 248 centimeters in males and weight of 130 Kg. The species belongs to the kingdom Animalia, Chordata Phylum, class Actinopterygii, and Scombriformes order. The tuna is from Gymnosarda genus that’s why it has the name Gymnosarda unicolor. The species is still in the least concern category due to it has available in huge amount in various regions.

Dogtooth Tuna Characteristics

The average size of the dogtooth tuna recorded is about 40 to 120 cm. The species has the strongly undulating lateral line. These large size tunas have streamlined body shape with the special coloration on the back with brilliant blue-green, silvery white on the side while belly got whitish on the belly with two white tips on the two back fins close to its caudal peduncle.

They always swim with the open jaws. The upper jaw of the largemouth almost reaches the eye. A male can reach the length of 190-248 cm and 130 kg in weight.

Dogtooth Tuna

Other namesGymnosarda Unicolor
Average Size40-120 cm
Max. Size & Weight190 – 248 cm & 131 kg
Max AgeApprox. 8 years
Catching AreaIndo-Pacific Area, Eastern coast of Africa, Red Sea, Japan, Australia
Biggest MarketsEurope, Japan, United States, Arab World
Production AreasThailand, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, Colombia

Dogtooth Tuna Diet

The dogtooth species eat a wide variety of fish and squid including reef-associated species. The species is also known for eating ciguatera toxin in several locations. The species of tuna often prey on reef fish for their diet. The dogtooth can swim at the good speed to tackle their prey.

Dogtooth Tuna Habitat

Dogtooth tuna are typically pelagic. But they are also found around coral reefs and known to come inshore. You can found at depths from 15m to 45m. They prefer the 21-26 degree Celsius water temperature to live.

They continuously migrate after a period and travel long distances. They move to other location which has reliable water temperature and the good amount of food.

Dogtooth Tuna Facts

  • The scientific name of Dogtooth Tuna is Gymnosarda unicolor.
  • Dogtooth Tuna can be 120 cm long.
  • They can weigh up to 140 kg.
  • They can live up to 8 years.

Dogtooth Tuna Behavior

The fish usually found 15m below the water surface in the depth of the sea. The species prefer to live in the temperature of 21-26 degree Celsius. This species generally find the habitat that has the protection from the predators and rich of food for diet. The fish travel long distances and migrate their location from one to another.

The dogtooth mostly consumed in the United States and mostly for Sushi and Sashimi dishes. This serves raw in the small pieces. The fish considered least concerned to extinction by the IUCN Red List. The conservation status for the most species of tuna is still least concerned.

Gymnosarda Unicolor | Dogtooth Tuna

Dogtooth Tuna as Pet

If you are thinking to get the Dogtooth tuna at your home then you must know about the habitat of the Dogtooth Tuna to provide the place where it can live and do several activities. The fish should have space where it can do some activities instead of a boring flat pot. The common size of tuna is little large. So, you require a bit large conservation habitat.

Dogtooth Tuna Mating

The reproduction in the Dogtooth Tuna occurs similarly to the other species of tunas. A female can spawn 2-3 million eggs in the water in one time. These eggs are coated by the film of oil and hatchling started within 48 hours. The young ones live one or two years nearby the area of the hatchling.

Sometimes the female protects the eggs until the hatchling process not done. Most of times spawning process done in the month March but in few conditions, it can go up to September month. The major part of young tunas will be eaten by the predators. Only some percentage of young tunas will able to survive to adulthood.

The Dogtooth Tuna has another common name which is Gymnosarda Unicolor. The tuna species is available in a large amount. So, less considered to extinct. If you want to know more about the fish species then stay with this site. If you want to know more about other tuna species then check out: Tuna Fish Species

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